Ciudad del Cusco

Inscrita en la lista del Patrimonio Mundial en 1983
Cusco, al sur de los Andes peruanos (3250 msnm), es la primera ciudad turística del país y una de las más importantes de América. Conocida por los incas como la “Ciudad Sagrada”, Cusco es la capital de uno de los principales imperios precolombinos: el Tahuantinsuyo.
Su nombre en Quechua, Qosqo, significa el “ombligo del mundo”, ya que en sus tiempos, controlaba una vasta red de caminos que unían, en la practica, todo Sudamérica, desde el sur de Colombia hasta el norte de Argentina.
 

CUSCO, and the sacred valley of the Incas

cusco_llama The city of Cusco, is located in the south eastern Andean zone. Her name in Quechua It means “navel or center of the world” for having been the capital of the empire or Tawantinsuyo (Four regions). According to legend, the city was founded by Manco Capac and Mama Occllo from Lake Titicaca.
The Incan Cusco monumental dates from the fifteenth century and is attributed to the Inca Pachacutec (1438-1471) the construction of its most impressive buildings, which highlights the fine carved in stone, the perfect fit between them and trapezoidal doors. They can see the fortress of Sacsayhuaman, in the top of the city; Korikancha (Temple of the Sun), which had built the convent of Santo Domingo, and on the street Hatun Rumiyoc (2 blocks from the main square) a wall that includes the famous Inca stone of 12 angles.
Since the arrival of the Spaniards, Cusco became a mestizo and colonial city with splendid buildings on the foundations of Inca architecture, which developed a mestizo own style in architecture and painting, which can be admired in the Cathedral and Church of the Society of Jesus.
Known as Archaeological Capital of America, the city was declared Cultural Heritage Of Mankind by UNESCO in 1983 and is one of the main centers of activity Tourism in South America.
Altitude
Cuzco: 3360 m; Sacred Valley: 2900 meters
Getting there
By air: daily flights from Lima (55 minutes), Arequipa (35 minutes), Puerto Maldonado (30 minutes) and La Paz, Bolivia (1 hour flights interdays).
Via rail from Puno, 384 km in 10 hours.
By land: by bus from Lima; traveling 1131 km during 19 hours (via Nasca and Abancay);
From Puno, 389 km (6 hours) and from Arequipa, 518 km (10 hours via Juliaca).
Lodging
Cuzco has accommodations in all categories, including 5-star hotel, air-conditioned
With good restaurants.
Activities
Campos del cuscoVisits to museums and churches, handicraft markets, eco-tourism, trekking, hiking
Biking, canoeing, climbing, bungee jumping, balloon flights, horseback riding.
The cuisine, the various celebrations and traditional markets and Chincheros
Pisac.
Travel Services
Restaurants in several categories, rental of equipment for hiking, camping and canoeing.
Transportation. Cars and buses, guided tours.

Minimum
Between 3 and 4 days for major attractions of the city of Cusco, the Sacred Valley and Machu
Picchu.
Recommendations Casas del Cusco
Acclimatization necessary. Avoid efforts during the first few hours, it is advisable easy digestion consume food and drink coca tea to prevent altitude sickness.
Attractions
The Cathedral Church of the Company, Convent of Santo Domingo, Barrio San Blas (neighborhood
Craftsmen), Archaeological Park of Sacsayhuaman, which includes Kenko, and Puca Pucara
Tambomachay. In the Valley highlights the archaeological zones and Pisac
Ollantaytambo. A 185 km of Cusco the Archeological of Choquequirao, Plaza
Main deposits, systems platforms and ceremonial platforms.
Season / Climate
There are two seasons dramatic, dry season from May to August, with intense cold In the morning and at night (while frost); rainy season from December to March.
Festivities Interio de casa en Cusco
Easter (March / April, Movable): Monday, procession and blessing of the Lord of
Tremors, the patron of Cusco.
Corpus Christi (May / June, Movable): procession of images of saints and virgins, employers
From various parishes.
Qoyllur Rity (May / June, Movable). Its name means “Lucero Snow,” where festival
Mix worship ancestors Apus or the mountains, with demonstrations Catholic, where
Participating 50000 people with their typical clothing from the different regions
In the south, until the sanctuary of Sinacara. Pilgrims usually carry stones
Different sizes to be placed in the “apacheta” (stone mound), and back,
Loaded in the back blocks of ice.
Inti Raymi (June 24): staging the festival of the Sun God, maximum divinity Inca,
Great folk deployment.
Nuestra Señora del Carmen (July 16): folk dancing in the town of Paucartambo.
Eating Out Cusco fachada de piedra
Lawa: fresh corn soup and beans.
Cheese Kapchi: cold plate of fresh cheese, beans, potatoes and onions, seasoned with pepper and milk.
Chicharrón with motto: pork fried in their own fat, with corn motto.
Chiriuchu: beef and chicken or roasted guinea pig, accompanied by tortilla corn roasted,
Chalona cheese, rocoto and cochayuyo.
Craftsmanship
Among the major include: tissue loom, ceramics, silver jewelry, mirrors
Cusqueña painting, fur, carved in wood and decorated in gold bread, imaging (Epiphany
Magi, Virgin Children Manuelitos and Archangels), masks and others. The neighborhood of San Blas,
Concentrated artisan workshops like those of teachers, Edilberto Merida, Antonio Olave,

The Wonderful journey of the Peruvian Expedition in the Land of the Incas

Machu Picchu 1906 Between 1906 and 1911 Hiram Bingham, a professor of history and geography at Harvard and South America in Princeton, starring in our country several trips exploration. His journey culminates in the dense jungles of Cusco nothing less than the discovery of a huge stone city, where he had been driven by locals happily already identified for the story: Melchor Arteaga, Toribio Recharte, Anacleto Alvarez and a certain Sources – the last three farmers in the very ciudadela-, all further antecedidos by Augustine Lizarraga, a nearly anonymous browser that ten years ago, seeking farmland, would have set foot in the city of stone.
Hiram Binghan en rio Apurimac
Machu Picchu Ingenuity Group
Crossing the Apurimac. The balsero cusqueño seems observe with astonishment that Bingham knows use the rowing.
Distant view of what Bingham called Ingenuity Group.

Machu Picchu, the lost city of the Incas

machu_picchu_1Barely touched by time, between certainty and the unknown, Machu Picchu stands as one of the most beautiful human utopias suspended between the mountains that attract toward Earth and the majesty it rises towards infinity. There can be no better summary of harmony between nature and man-why, as a reading, perhaps late, its transcendence, in 1981 created the Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu, which includes not only the monumental archeological but the 32592 hectares of natural resources that surround it.
The archaelogical monuments of Machu Picchu is located in the district of the same name, province of Urubamba, 112.5 km northwest of the city of Cusco, mimetizada among tropical forests fog to 2490 meters above sea level . The climate in this area within the brow jungle cusqueña, introduced during the year, two seasons dramatic, a dry April to October and another rainy, with a permanent cloud cover from November to March. The Inca citadel of Machu Picchu stands on Batholith of Vilcabamba, natural formation consisting of intrusive rocks of proximadamente 250 million years ago, feature that makes it a place, largely invulnerable to seismic activity. The rock’s most extensive and abundant Batholith is the gray granite blank, composed of quartz, feldspar and mica, whose chemical composition and structure, are very suitable for buildings of this type. The archeological site of Machu Picchu is composed of a sector that former occupants devoted to farming and another who was an urban center. It is the latter which houses the largest architectural elements of the Citadel, where there is the amazing talent of its builders.
Machu Picchu CiudadelaIn this sector highlights the High Cemetery, for the priests and nobles, the Main Temple, the Plaza Holy, Holy Rock, the Temple of the Sun, the House Priest, the Temple of the Three Windows and the Intiwatana, among other attractions.
The exact role for which it was built is still under discussion. Was it perhaps a adoratorio for worship of Pachacutec? He seems to command “build”. The fact is that because of its location in an area of difficult access, it remained hidden among forests until its discovery in the second decade of the last century.
There are several theories about the discovery of this archaeological complex. However, most researchers attributed the discovery to American professor of Yale University Hiram Bingham, who at the beginning of the twentieth century became interested in the Inca culture and their ways, embarking on a scientific expedition to the Sacred Valley of the Incas. Upon reaching Mandorpampa, Bingham makes contact with the peasant Melchor Arteaga, who tells you about the existence of the ruins of an ancient city on the heights. After a painful uphill walk, found two peasant families who worked the land of some platforms in the lower west of the ruins, but it is a boy, the son of one of these families, who will guide them and eventually leads to the heart of the archaeological remains. Thus, after spending hidden by thick vegetation for several centuries, July 24, 1911, Machu Picchu (Quechua voice which means “old peak” or “old hill”) was shown to the world with all its architectural brilliance.
Machu Picchu  Ciudad IncaSubsequently, the Peruvian State assumed the conservation of this archaeological site, and today is the National Institute of Culture (INC) the institution undertaking the work of preservation and maintenance. However, as the Cultural and Natural Heritage of Humanity, the Historical Sanctuary of Machu Picchu confined on the one hand to the archaeological complex, which includes the Inca citadel, the other monuments scattered in the surrounding territories and the Inca Trail, and on the other, a vast expanse of cloud forests where human predation survive a wide variety of tree species, orchids and animals like the cock of the rock, the quetzal and the Andean bear. Therefore, both the INC and the National Institute for Natural Resources (INRENA), have powers and responsibilities shared in the archaeological and ecological aspect, respectively.