CUSCO, and the sacred valley of the Incas

cusco_llama The city of Cusco, is located in the south eastern Andean zone. Her name in Quechua It means “navel or center of the world” for having been the capital of the empire or Tawantinsuyo (Four regions). According to legend, the city was founded by Manco Capac and Mama Occllo from Lake Titicaca.
The Incan Cusco monumental dates from the fifteenth century and is attributed to the Inca Pachacutec (1438-1471) the construction of its most impressive buildings, which highlights the fine carved in stone, the perfect fit between them and trapezoidal doors. They can see the fortress of Sacsayhuaman, in the top of the city; Korikancha (Temple of the Sun), which had built the convent of Santo Domingo, and on the street Hatun Rumiyoc (2 blocks from the main square) a wall that includes the famous Inca stone of 12 angles.
Since the arrival of the Spaniards, Cusco became a mestizo and colonial city with splendid buildings on the foundations of Inca architecture, which developed a mestizo own style in architecture and painting, which can be admired in the Cathedral and Church of the Society of Jesus.
Known as Archaeological Capital of America, the city was declared Cultural Heritage Of Mankind by UNESCO in 1983 and is one of the main centers of activity Tourism in South America.
Altitude
Cuzco: 3360 m; Sacred Valley: 2900 meters
Getting there
By air: daily flights from Lima (55 minutes), Arequipa (35 minutes), Puerto Maldonado (30 minutes) and La Paz, Bolivia (1 hour flights interdays).
Via rail from Puno, 384 km in 10 hours.
By land: by bus from Lima; traveling 1131 km during 19 hours (via Nasca and Abancay);
From Puno, 389 km (6 hours) and from Arequipa, 518 km (10 hours via Juliaca).
Lodging
Cuzco has accommodations in all categories, including 5-star hotel, air-conditioned
With good restaurants.
Activities
Campos del cuscoVisits to museums and churches, handicraft markets, eco-tourism, trekking, hiking
Biking, canoeing, climbing, bungee jumping, balloon flights, horseback riding.
The cuisine, the various celebrations and traditional markets and Chincheros
Pisac.
Travel Services
Restaurants in several categories, rental of equipment for hiking, camping and canoeing.
Transportation. Cars and buses, guided tours.

Minimum
Between 3 and 4 days for major attractions of the city of Cusco, the Sacred Valley and Machu
Picchu.
Recommendations Casas del Cusco
Acclimatization necessary. Avoid efforts during the first few hours, it is advisable easy digestion consume food and drink coca tea to prevent altitude sickness.
Attractions
The Cathedral Church of the Company, Convent of Santo Domingo, Barrio San Blas (neighborhood
Craftsmen), Archaeological Park of Sacsayhuaman, which includes Kenko, and Puca Pucara
Tambomachay. In the Valley highlights the archaeological zones and Pisac
Ollantaytambo. A 185 km of Cusco the Archeological of Choquequirao, Plaza
Main deposits, systems platforms and ceremonial platforms.
Season / Climate
There are two seasons dramatic, dry season from May to August, with intense cold In the morning and at night (while frost); rainy season from December to March.
Festivities Interio de casa en Cusco
Easter (March / April, Movable): Monday, procession and blessing of the Lord of
Tremors, the patron of Cusco.
Corpus Christi (May / June, Movable): procession of images of saints and virgins, employers
From various parishes.
Qoyllur Rity (May / June, Movable). Its name means “Lucero Snow,” where festival
Mix worship ancestors Apus or the mountains, with demonstrations Catholic, where
Participating 50000 people with their typical clothing from the different regions
In the south, until the sanctuary of Sinacara. Pilgrims usually carry stones
Different sizes to be placed in the “apacheta” (stone mound), and back,
Loaded in the back blocks of ice.
Inti Raymi (June 24): staging the festival of the Sun God, maximum divinity Inca,
Great folk deployment.
Nuestra Señora del Carmen (July 16): folk dancing in the town of Paucartambo.
Eating Out Cusco fachada de piedra
Lawa: fresh corn soup and beans.
Cheese Kapchi: cold plate of fresh cheese, beans, potatoes and onions, seasoned with pepper and milk.
Chicharrón with motto: pork fried in their own fat, with corn motto.
Chiriuchu: beef and chicken or roasted guinea pig, accompanied by tortilla corn roasted,
Chalona cheese, rocoto and cochayuyo.
Craftsmanship
Among the major include: tissue loom, ceramics, silver jewelry, mirrors
Cusqueña painting, fur, carved in wood and decorated in gold bread, imaging (Epiphany
Magi, Virgin Children Manuelitos and Archangels), masks and others. The neighborhood of San Blas,
Concentrated artisan workshops like those of teachers, Edilberto Merida, Antonio Olave,