TITICACA LAKE, The highest navigable lake in the world

lago_titicaca_1In the region of Puno, altiplano plateau, between Peru and Bolivia, is the Titicaca Lake Waterway highest in the world, at more than 3820 meters above sea level. Its extension is 8300 km2 of the 4700 km2 which are in Peruvian territory. He has been held sacred by the ancient Andean cultures and for the Quechuas and the Aymaras, the two ethnic families Significant ancient Peru, its waters emerged the founders of the Inca empire, Cripple Cápac and Mama Ocllo.
This lake is mostly visited by tourists and scientists, who are amazed by the richness Its waters. He has been declared National Reserve and houses several species of birds Waterfowl, a dozen species of fish, mammals and number 7 of amphibians, including An endemic species of giant frogs.
Ititicaca laket is very interesting to visit the floating islands made of reeds on which inhabit the uros, Old people of the altiplano. They are also attractive in the islands to which we hold Ancestral agricultural and social systems: Taquile, Amantani and Suasi.
In the city of Puno can visit a sector with colonial architecture, as well as in the people of July, considered the Rome of America.
Height
City of Puno: 3827 m; Lake Titicaca: 3810 meters.
Getting there
By air: Daily flights from Lima (1 hour 30 minutes) and from Arequipa (30 minutes)
Arriving at the airport in Juliaca. From there he traveled by land to the city of Puno (50 minutes).
titcaca lakeBy train from Cusco (10 hours).
By land: from Lima (6 hours a paved road); from Arequipa (5 hours per
Paved road) from La Paz, Bolivia (5 hours in buses or collective).
Lodging
Puno has hotels and hostels in all categories. On the island of Taquile exist houses
Accommodation rural families and an ecological shelter on the island of Suasi. In Anapia provides
Stay in the homes of local residents.
Activities
Archaeology, ecotourism, experiential tourism in the islands, observing flora and fauna (birds endemic), walks on rafts, boats and motor boats and buying crafts.
titcaca Tourist Services
There are guided tours in the city and the islands around the lake with services bBoat to Taquile, Amantani, Uros, Anapia and Suasi.
Recommendations
There is a need to bring a hat and use sunscreen. We need to acclimatize for not previously suffer altitude sickness. We should avoid making great efforts during the first day, consuming snacks and drinking coca tea.
Nearby attractions it suggests visiting the villages on the shores of the lake as Chucuito, Juli and Pomata;
titicaca lakeAlso, it is recommended to know the chullpas (funerary towers) Sillustani and the peoples of Lampa, and Pucara Ayaviri (forest rocks in Tinajani). The visit to the islands Taquile, Suasi, Amantani and Anapia; and the islands of reeds floating the uros, it is unforgettable.
Season / Weather
The ideal months are from April to December, the rainy season between January and March; strong sunlight
During the day and cold nights.
Feasts
titcaca lakePatronal Feast of the Virgin of Candelaria (2 February): It is the most important feast of region. It is held for one week with continued deployment folk, which highlights dances as the Diablada, Morenada, Llamerada, among hundreds of them.
Festival Alacitas and Las Cruces (3 to 4 May): This is a special occasion where villagers dffer handcrafts miniatures in various fairs located in the streets.
Anniversary of the founding of the city of Puno (November 4): is the staging of the legend of Manco Capac and Mama Ocllo, founders of Cusco and the dynasty of the incas, as well as civic demonstrations and exhibition of typical dances.
Restaurants
Chairo Soup: beef and lamb, potatoes, beans, squash, chuño, cabbage and chili.
Fish: quinoa stew with milk and cheese, along with chicken or fish.
Huarjata: chuño stew with pork, vegetables and chili.
Fillet of alpaca: tasty meat with great courage protein and little fat.
Cancacho: pig or lamb roasted pepper and mash in oil. Fish quinoa: Puree
Quinoa flavored with milk and cheese.
Craftsmanship. The residents of the highlands have preserved the art of knitting wool and alpaca
Sheep; also produce musical instruments such as siku, zampoñas and antaras. Between
Crafts include “Toritos of Pucara” and “Ekeko” character who carries slopes
Diversity of products that according to tradition the propitious possess plenty.